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by Ali Ansari

Major Medical Philosophies of the World

Even as the approaches to the knowledge of oneness are many, so are the sciences of understanding creation. The five that I have chosen, albeit not exclusively, are valid and major representatives of the many that must exist beyond my knowledge. They are the major accepted philosophies that come from major eras and civilizations.

There are five major ancient medical philosophies and one major modern one. These philosophies are, of course, much more than medical, however they are philosophies which include life, health and medicine.

The major ancient philosophies are:

1. The Science of One: Divine Unity, Gnosis, Knowledge of God, (including Islam and Sufism).

2. The Science of Two: the Two opposites, the ancient Taoist understanding of Yin and Yang - The Left and Right Hands of God,  in which embrace all the exists exists.

3. The Science of Three: the Three doshas (temperaments), Satvas, Rajas and Tamas, Ayurvedic medicine. And the three "Gods" of Creation, Maintenance and Destruction - Brahmin, Vishnu and Shiva.

4. The Science of Four: the Four influences, hot and cold, wet and dry, Greco-Arabic (Unani) medicine.

5. The Science of Five: the Five Elements of Chinese Medicine. Including Essence

And the major modern medical philosophy is Homeopathy.

The purpose of this treatise is to elucidate as well as possible all that I know about the relationship of these philosophical viewpoints.

All Praises are Due to Allah who creates, sustains and destroys (Brahmin, Vishnu and Shiva), and the creation, maintenance and destruction thereof are not three, but One. Who out of His Endless Bounty saw fit to bring us into creation that we may come to know Him, by learning of Him through observing the nature of our own existence and studying the nature of his creation; Whose benevolence to creation is renowned among people who know.

All Praises are due unto Allah about Whom it is said that if all the trees were pens and all the seas were ink on this earth and seven earths besides not even then could His praises be completed. He is One. There is none other but He. Al-Hayy, Al- Qayyum, Al Malikul-Quddus, ar-Rahman ir-Rahim, Maliki Yaumiddin.

The nature of his creation has been the object of study of all the minds that have ever come to confront it. The depths of his creation are admittedly beyond the scope of human knowledge. The greatest philosophers, the greatest theologians, the greatest thinkers of all civilizations have aspired to comprehend the secrets of His creation.

Out of the eons of human endeavor have arisen and survived several time-honored valued and practical philosophical methods for understanding the nature of creation, the nature of human life, and the meaning of human kind. Each claims to completeness and within its own right has some grounds for believing so. Since all of these philosophies are at best attempts to explain the same phenomenon and at worst blind men trying to describe an elephant, it stands to reason that there is sufficient similarity in all of them that one who would could arrive at some common understanding. It also stands to reason since the thread of Truth flows through them all. So I continue to believe that they all come from a single Source and that they are all, by some means or other, singing the praises of that Single Source.

It has, for example, come to the notice of many Indian homeopaths certain similarities in the Homeopathic philosophy of medicine with the Ayurvedic philosophy of medicine. The three (or four) miasms parallel the three(or four) doshas (or influences). It is similarly true of constitutional types. This is not coincidence. It may come as some surprise to some western homeopaths but is no surprise at all to the Vedics. People of the eastern way of life are accustomed to relying on the time-tested truths of the philosophies of their culture and are habituated to observing and analyzing everything that comes their way through the scrutiny of their accepted truth or philosophical knowledge. This continues to be a viewpoint quite foreign to all but a few western students.

My deep belief in Unity does not allow me to think that the ancient and time honored contributions to human thought and analysis could be far different from each other. I see them as simply and different people in different languages at different times attempting to explain the inexplicable, the very vastness of which is sufficient explanation for the variety and difference in viewpoints to be found among them. So coming from the standpoint of belief in the timelessness of Unity, perceived (albeit somewhat differently) by all, it is easy to believe that the thread of similarity could be followed through the major scientific and medical philosophies of the world.

The two understandings of Unity

Oneness is referred to by different people in different terms. The people of Oneness who are hesitant to believe in the conscious creative force of that oneness still recognize it as a force if nothing more. The ultimate force. They consider it to be a passive, unchanging space in which all transpires, and the ultimate goal for them is at-one-ment with that ultimate reality. The people of Oneness who attribute conscious creativity to that force are referred to as theists, believing that the force is more than a passive space. To them, it is actually a Conscious Deity, Worthy of worship and obedience, Who is consistently present, active and creative, knowing, hearing, seeing and responding to the immediate needs of all creation. Both camps, call them the passive and active believers, understand the benevolent nature of this oneness.

These philosophies are very high. They're very noble. They are a means of communication from the Creator, however you care to believe in it, to the creation. They have been exploited as any open gold mine will be exploited and bits and pieces of them are to be found in every nook and cranny of creation. Even with the maximum output of the human brain their true value cannot be appreciated. We will explore these philosophies and the unific truth that flows through them from every aspect.

From the aspect of mind-boggling philosophical discourse to the aspect of common practical uses, even then, will this true value not be realized. However, it is hoped that enough meaning can be gleaned from this endeavor to provide sufficient understanding that our lives may be enhanced and enriched. Of this I am quite certain. For I and the others of whom I know have received nothing but benefit from this knowledge and see no change in the future.

The study of Oneness can be approached from many different angles. It is, in its ultimate form, the study of theology itself. And, as we all know, there are many theologies. However the basic thread throughout all of them is Oneness, sometimes referred to as monotheism. Even a cursory review of the lives of the great and leading homeopaths shows that each and every one was, without fail, a deep believer in the deific nature of the single force that brought us into existence.

Attributing conscious benevolence to God is a great and primary means of attaining help and guidance in one's study of creation. It is hard to believe that One who could create a nature such as the one we live in could be anything but conscious and perfect, all knowing and all-giving. All giving is essential because it implies that everything is there already, and that we need only to move in the proper direction in order to discover whatever it is we seek.

To be continued….