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ON THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN DIVINE UNITY AND DIVINE UNIQUENESS
- OR - 
WHY WE ARE NOT GOD, BUT NOT SEPARATE FROM GOD
On the Holy Meanings of the Arabic words AHAD and SAMAD

In Qur`an it is said: "Say, He is Al-llah!, THE 'AHAD', Al-llah!, THE 'SAMAD'." 

"AHAD" means "One" in the sense of 'Singular' and 'Unique'. It implies separation only by virtue of a distinct uniqueness. "Although nothing is separate from Him, He is Separate from everything."  This is not in the same sense as the word "Wahid", which also means "one", as in “one, two, three”, and from which the word for Unity (“Tawhid”, meaning God as the one-ness and interconnectedness of all), derives. 

The 'AHAD-iyyat of Allah is His Uniqueness. By that we mean that He is without partner, always was and always will be. "He is now as He was." With or without our recognition, He stands alone, in no need of His creation or anything in it. Conscious and Living, "He is now as He was" (before creation). Unique, without partner. He is not His creation, but He is known by it. And His creation is not Him, but it is a manifastation of His Love and not separate from Him. He is the Lord and Master of His creation and He is its Support. Unfathomable is He, except that we may know that it is He who is as-SAMAD, the Supporter of the firmament upon which His Creation, and the Divine palpability of our own Existence, stands. 

The Will and Power by which He supports His creation is His SAMAD-iyyat. SAMAD-iyyat is not the Essence of creation. It is not the sublime tasting that we alone can feel. It is rather His Quality of Being that provides the Foundational Support for that which we can feel and know, that allows creation to be. 

More on the rest of the verse later.

In Peace and Love,
Ali